King Pirrhus and Macedonians reigned over the region of Epirus, yet Athamanians are recorded in the area until the post-Roman time. The settlements of Syrrako and Kalarrites were found around the 15th century by Vlach nomadic shepherds, whereas prosperity came in the 18th century as the natives started to journey Europe selling their local goods. Woven fabrics, silk from Thessaly, raw animal skin, silversmithing and the art of hagiography, were just a few of the craftsmanship that made natives from Epirus to become renowned in major European centers. On the rise of Ottoman Empire, the region of Tzoumerka was benefited due to its remoteness. Syrrako and Kalarrites were also the only villages that participated in the first year of a rather halt revolution, and thus both settlements were rebuilt after devastation. The revolution was led by Ioannis Kolletis, who served as the country’s Prime Minister and was also born in Syrrako. Embracing the same past Syrrako and Kalarrites fate was parted when Istanbul Convention was signed in 1881. Then, the river of Arachthos became the border between Greece and Turkey, while the gorge of Chrousia was appointed as the Greek frontier. By then, Syrrako went under the Ottoman inquisition, whereas Kalarrites were free of rulers ever since. In 1912 the region whole region was liberated by the Ottomans and Greeks took back control of their borders. For the periods of the German Occupation (1941-1944) and the Greek Civil War (1946-1949), the region suffered many more tragedies, with urbanization and immigration of the 1950s, leading to a lessening in the region’s population.